First of all it is important to understand what a Prophet is. A Prophet is a human being like everyone else. He is a model of virtue but is tied to the same laws of nature as everyone else. A Prophet is a man who is a representative of Allah for mankind and he has a special relationship with Allah.
A prophet is defined as a person chosen by Allah for the reformation and guidance of mankind.
From this definition we get three main points:
- He MUST be chosen by Allah, as such attained his authority by Allah.
- He informs mankind about the way of God and how to live a godly life.
- He guides mankind through his personal example and his relationship with Allah.
We also understand that there are two kinds of Prophets in Islam.
- Law-Bearing Prophet
One who brings a new law i.e. Moses, who brought forward the Torah, or the Holy Prophet Muhammad may peace blessings of Allah be upon him, to whom the Holy Qur’an was revealed to.
- Non law-bearing Prophet
One who follows the law of a law-bearing Prophet, interpreting the law according to the needs of the time i.e. all Jewish prophets after Moses, such as David, John the Baptist and Jesus.